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catchment area in irrigation

Actual irrigation need may vary, but this formula will give you a reasonable estimate: [garden bed square footage] x [number of weeks in your dry season] x [0.5 gallons per week] Drainage basins have historically played a significant role in defining the political boundaries of a particular territory. For later tanks, I have built a wooden frame around the tank and used repurposed aluminum roofing to cover it. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Research Article Estimating Conveyance Efficiency and Maize Productivity of Traditional Irrigation Systems in Usa River Catchment, Tanzania Humuri K. Haymale ,1,2 Karoli N. Njau,1 and Frederick C. Kahimba3 1Department of Water Environmental Sciences and Engineering (WESE), e School of Materials Energy Water and Environmental Sciences (MEWES), The overland flow stops shortly after the precipitation stops. Relation of Catchment Area with Its Length 4. Neighbouring catchments are divided by watersheds, and rivers are arranged within catchments in drainage patterns." In some cases, it may be necessary to increase catchment surface area in addition to capturing enough rainwater to meet demand. Irrigation Catchment Pearson Page 108 "A catchment is an area of land from which water drains into a river. “A catchment is an area where water is collected by the natural landscape. Then we went three months without any rain at all. Here’s How. I also wanted the capability to just turn on some water and walk away, so I set up a soaker-hose system. In the past the main crops were onions, chilies, watermelons, pawpaws and cotton. You may have noticed that my style is a little slap-dash, so you won’t be surprised to hear that I’m quite happy just drilling a hole in the side of the tank, pushing the PVC in up to the elbow (an inch or two of pipe inside the tank is plenty), and sealing it up with plumber’s putty. The variables of rainfall and water demand determine the relationship between required catchment area and storage capacity. Jain, V.P. Classification of Catchment Areas 6. My original tank, still sporting a MacGyver-style cover. Water infiltrates into the ground. There are some important factors about the roof to consider when planning for a RWH system: The catchment areas are classified depending upon the shape as follows (2.5): The shape of a catchment may be similar to a fan, i.e. Modeling of the Intermediate Catchment. Tanks come with a valve but it takes some force to turn most of them, and I’m happier leaving it open and using the spigot to regulate flow. This called overland flow. In fact, the flood flow contribution from the Sungai Gombak catchment is higher than the upper Sungai Klang catchment due to larger catchment area if similer rainfall occurs on both catchments. Declared Special Water Supply Catchment Areas There are 134 Declared Special Water Supply Catchment Areas with in Victoria. For the vast majority of tank-based rainwater harvesting systems, the catchment area is the roof surface. I ended up with a piece of black painter’s plastic that was lying in the barn. This will affect the flood intensity from the catchment. Disclaimer 8. Example: Rainfall = 2" per square foot I like the idea of having irrigation water even if I lost access to my local water utility for some reason (power outage, income outage, anything). Screen: $10 for a fiberglass roll that would do more tanks than I’ll ever need. Content Guidelines 2. Catchment area may be defined as the area from which the surface runoff is derived. So, this spring I added a second catchment tank to our little house, and one to the new pole barn up by the orchard. Meaning of Catchment Area 2. Uploader Agreement, Runoff: Process and Sources | Functions | Precipitation | Geography, Factors Affecting Runoff | Functions | Precipitation | Geography, Watershed: Features, Classification and Analysis | Geography, Estimation of Runoff from a Catchment | Precipitation | Geography, Essay on Heat Waves in Europe—A Natural Calamity | Environment, International Tourism in India: Introduction, History, Trends, Opportunities and Future, Forestry: Definition, Branches, Costs, Programme and Conclusion | Geography, Contribution of Russia to World Geography (In Hindi), French Scholars and their Contribution to Geography in Hindi. Big problem. It is also known as watershed area, drainage area, drainage basin or simply basin or catchment. Each profile gives details for each region or catchment on: the number of licences; the number of enterprises that irrigate; the entitled volume or area authorised for irrigation; the area irrigated and water used in total and by crop type; irrigation methods Content Filtration 6. Sure enough, for the overflow he set up a pair of couplings, one on the outside and one on the inside, with a foam rubber washer between them. Not silicone, not the good expensive Lexel caulk, not even epoxy. It is somewhat like a sheet flow. 2.6). The runoff from such areas is excluded from the surface runoff estimation, since the precipitation over such areas may be lost into the underground passages to far distant streams, lakes or even sea. Plants benefit from slightly acid water. The catchment areas formed by the divide lines at A and B are shown in Fig. I’ve used both fiberglass and aluminum window screen mesh, and both work fine although I suspect the aluminum will probably last longer. I was not able to keep things adequately watered by hand even before my catchment tank ran dry. The unit for the catchment area is km 2. IBCs have a lot of advantages: readily available, light enough for two people to handle easily, come in a metal cage for support, have a sloped drain and hold at least 275 gallons. Geography, Earth, Precipitation, Functions, Runoff, Derivation, Catchment Area. It’s been sitting for months without leaking, and I’m pleased. Big irrigation tanks cost hundreds or thousands of dollars, but I can get a used IBC tank for about $45. I cannibalized a garden hose to hook the soaker hose sections to the catchment tank. I took the fairly robust plastic cap that came with the tank to cover the outflow (most used tanks don’t have a cap still with them, but luckily this one did), drilled a hole in it with a spade bit just a little smaller than my ¾” threaded male spigot, and forced the thing in there, turning with wrenches. Dad’s tank has a very slick two-part cap with a similar screen and a rubber gasket made out of the inner tube from a blown bike tire. If the catchment area is less than 25 km2, it is mentioned in terms of hectares. S.K. Divide the length of the main channel into equal horizontal segments taking into consideration its slope. If you are using the roof of a building for this purpose, calculate the square footage of this area by taking the length of the building, including the overhang(s) and multiply this by the width measurement plus the overhang(s) of the building. Catchment Area:Catchment areas are locations in low lying regions in which water from higher areas collect into a single water body. For the tank I installed three years ago I tried to buy a heavy-duty UV-resistant tarp, but I ran into trouble finding one large enough from a reputable supplier. Primarily the catchment area management includes ground water recharge, knowing terrain characteristics i.e. Capturing rainwater in above ground or below ground cisterns is an ancient practice many homeowners, businesses and municipalities are adopting to use for irrigation, topping ponds and pools, greenhouse I like the idea of living within the rain budget of my area, which isn’t too hard because we usually get too much. Close up of hose assembly in progress. The catchment area must be 7.2 times larger than the cultivated area (in other words, the catchment: cultivated area ratio is 7.2:1) Comment: The ratio is high, but the system is designed for a dry area with a low runoff coefficient assumed. Next time I buy a tank, I’ll take a 2” threaded female PVC coupling with me and check that it’ll be the dreamy kind, not the headachy kind. I got the Amazon run-around, if you know what I mean. If the catchment area is less than 25 km 2, it is mentioned in terms of hectares. ... Department of Irrigation and Drainage. elongated. Then I needed to get the water to the plants. in the most areas is salt free and slightly acidic. circular. Unless the high tunnel site is elevated from the surrounding area and/or has drainage tiles installed around the perimeter, water accumulates and creates puddles around the sides of the high tunnel. It’s not pretty and it’s not perfect. Under such condition, water flows from the river into the banks of the river and is stopped there temporarily. 4 Irrigation in Southern and Eastern Asia in figures – AQUASTAT Survey – 2011 Parbat (8 100 m) and Rakaposhi (7 800 m). The population of the Murrumbidgee catchment is about 550,000. This isn’t the most attractive solution either, but it’s much more durable and light-proof, and it can be painted a nice color if I ever have time to go around just making things pretty. This will affect the flood intensity from the catchment. Dissolved oxygen is important for fish and other aquatic life to breathe – generally, the higher the better. She waters constantly. The Irrigation Profiles have been prepared by the NSW Water Use Efficiency Advisory Unit. I have a BS in Sustainable Agriculture from the University of Maine, and I worked on sustainability issues in Native Alaskan communities through Cooperative Extension before moving to North Carolina. However, this flood flow may reduce as it travels downstream because of the storage in channels and depressions. Also called catchment basin. That would eventually muck up the outflow. My first three tanks were that type, and they were a dream. An adequate means for Irrigation purpose Harvesting rainwater allows the collection of large amounts of water and mitigates the effects of drought. To further minimize the influence of irrigation on ECI estimates, we only consider catchments (table 1) with irrigation areas < 5% of the total catchment area. That’s all just to get the tank set up. The quantity of water thus stored by the banks temporarily is known as bank storage. I know that the carbon footprint of tap water is pretty small compared to, say, tropical vacations. Image Guidelines 4. This works fine. Natural and human systems such as rivers, bushland, farms, dams, homes, plants, animals and people can co-exist in a catchment.” I’m usually willing to pay a little more for increased flexibility. Draw the ‘L’ section of the main stream. Resilience is a program of Post Carbon Institute, a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping the world transition away from fossil fuels and build sustainable, resilient communities. Some things produced well in spite of drought, but tomatoes really suffered and I hardly got any pumpkins. Fun fact: those useless caps turned out to not be so useless after all. The other wasn’t going to fit anything made by man or nature. Catchment: The area of land draining into a river, basin, reservoir, or lake (see also watershed). But I still have a philosophical problem with paying to have water cleaned so thoroughly that it’s drinkable, and then pumped for miles and miles, only to pour it on the ground. The catchment area is the area from which rainfall is collected. “Each area took three and half to four days of intense up and down, changing pipes doing a half ordinary job with little short bays that w ere slow. It’s a great solution, though, and very water-tight. Every part of the earth's land surface is part of a catchment. It is laminar flow and may not continue for more than 50 m. Then it forms small streams. I’ve now set up five of these tanks, and I feel it’s a relatively easy and cost-effective option for small-scale irrigation. The relationship of water quality and quantity with different levels of catchment planning is the basis for catchment planning and management under the provisions of the Catchment and Land Protection Act, 1994, (formerly the Soil Conservation … To model the contribution from a catchment of this size, it would be appropriate to carry a detailed modeling by subdividing it into sub-catchments but the … I used to fill jugs and water by hand until the garden got too large, and I still do it that way when I’m applying fertilizer or watering in seeds. It is also known as watershed area, drainage area, drainage basin or simply basin or catchment. This line also feeds the solar shower, and when I went to set up the solar shower in its new location this spring, I discovered the valve in the outside spigot was busted, like they get when ice forms in them. It is noticed that the slope of a channel is normally steep at the early stage and it goes on reducing as it flows downstream. Building a world of resilient communities, because we need to build our resilience with compassion, building resilient food and water systems, Farming as the Climate Changes: Molino de la Isla, East Pecos, New Mexico, Variety, Survival, and the Revenge of the Luddites, Barrels, Buckets, and Bottles: Adventures in Low-Water Living, A Lack of Water: How Food Producers Survive, Food and Water: Plugging the Drain before Resources Dry Up, This is the Year to Save Seed! I taped it on with gorilla tape and tried to cover most of the holes. The Shepparton Irrigation Region Land and Water Management Plan (SIRLWMP) was updated for the fifth time in 2016 and used resilience and adaptive … Climate The TBA has over 80% of its area classified as arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL), with mean annual rainfall being 679 mm. The catchment area between the Dharoi dam and Ahmedabad city, including the Hathmati sub-basin, is 5079 sq. Catchment area may be defined as the area from which the surface runoff is derived. The unit for the catchment area is km2. Now the whole 32ha area … When heavy precipitation occurs, there is likelihood of flood in the river. The Shepparton Irrigation Region (Agricultural Floodplains) Land And Water Management Plan 2016-2020 directs the strategic priorities for investment across the irrigated landscape of the Goulburn Broken Catchment.. 2.4. I was sweaty and needed a shower, but the shower couldn’t be filled without spraying water all over the patio. In terms of degree of urbanization, both Sungai Gombak and Sungai Klang are comparable. See, I winterized the outside domestic-water spigot last fall like I always do, cutting off the water, letting out the pressure and leaving the valve open. Precipitation falling on a ground surface, after satisfying the infiltration demand, is temporarily detained on the ground surface. Tanks also need an overflow to direct water away from the foundation of whatever building you’re using for collection. So, this spring I added a second catchment tank to our little house, and one to the new pole barn up by the orchard. Consider combining rain barrels with a drip irrigation system to direct overflow to a dry well, rain garden or bio-retention area. That works fine, although my tanks are not far enough uphill from the garden to provide the sort of pressure that would operate a water wand, like you might be used to using in your garden or greenhouse. slope of the ground, finding water logging areas etc. Rainwater Harvesting for Irrigation . Download Citation | On Jan 1, 2020, Kasye Shitu and others published Assessment of Potential Suitable Surface Irrigation Area in Borkena River Catchment, Awash Basin, Ethiopia | … The shape of a catchment may be similar to a fern leaf, i.e. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. But someone (not saying who) came along behind me and closed the valve, and maybe someone (not necessarily the same someone) turned the water back on at some point. They won’t let out any water from unpressurized tanks (and it’s important never to hook a gravity soaker hose up to pressurized water, because they blow out from the pressure). I used the rest to make racks for my solar dehydrator. This is known as watershed leakage. This is my Dad’s very nice setup, which I helped him install as a fun Mother’s Day project. Account Disable 11. The river is 3 200 m long out of which 1 114 m are in India. Expenditure (varies slightly depending on what I had to do to the outflow and how far I needed to plumb the overflow to get it away from the building): Spigot: $6-8, depending on what kind you want. Such storage in channels and depressions is known as valley storage. Catchment Flow Characteristics. The river has 27 major tributaries above Guddu barrage. If you know of something that does, please tell me! 2. In addition to covering, tanks need a fitting to size down the outflow to something useful, like a garden hose spigot. How does it work for you? Do you have water catchment? Karst Topography 7. Regions underlain by stable rock formations like limestone have characteristic undulating surfaces with conical found hillocks and circular sinks. I’ve now set up five of these tanks, and I feel it’s a relatively easy and cost-effective option for small-scale irrigation. Neat! Then somebody had to lay on top of the tank and stick their arm all the way over to the wall to screw them together. How to select a Catchment• Catchment area consists of a river basinor a source stream• It can span huge area• The size should not be small or too big• Small catchment area is not benefitial forstorage• It should be selected such that minimum5 villages are benefitted 7. The area drained by a river or body of water. When he asked me to help him set up a tank, I knew I was about to see some very clever fitting combinations. When the flood recedes, the water surface level in the river drops. Recycling collected water through an irrigation system requires catchment tanks, a filter, a pump to pressurize the water (electric hook up necessary), a pressure reducer to stabilize pressure, a check valve for backflow prevention, a header line, and drip tape with ‘drip’ emitters. In a catchment, all rain and run-off water eventually flows to a creek, river, lake or ocean, or into the groundwater system. I was not doing extra runs to the local plumbing supply, what with the virus and all. This probably isn’t the cheapest way to do it, using garden hose lengths and connectors between the pieces of soaker hose, but it does let me bend it around to lay two hoses on one bed if I want to, and it lets me turn off each individual hose separately. On some tanks the outflow has external threads that will screw right onto a 2” female PVC coupling, and then all that’s required is a coupling to fit a ¾” spigot. Since this was just a test, it doesn’t feed the whole garden, only a couple of rows. After analysing a number of catchment areas, the following relation is noticed: where L = Length in kilometre of the main channel. Most buildings that utilize rainwater harvesting systems have a built-in catchment area on top of the roof, which has a capacity of collecting large volumes of water in case of rainstorms. “The 32ha catchment area used to be treated as two 16ha areas,” explained Shaun. Alternatively, I often hook up a hose and just spot-water whatever needs it. Copyright 9. Big irrigation tanks cost hundreds or thousands of dollars, but I can get a used IBC tank for about $45. Shockingly, this has proved a durable and functional solution. To calculate the volume of water available for capture, assume that every 1,000 square feet of catchment area generates 600 gallons of runoff during a one-inch rainfall event. I tie the pipe to the frame of the tank to keep it from shifting and breaking the putty seal. The banks may retain substantial quantity of water, which may flow back into the river or enter the groundwater storage (Fig. The catchment area is the first point of contact for rainfall. I want the covering to be fairly impenetrable to light, not just to preserve the tank but also to keep algae from growing inside. catchment area 1. I raised it to get enough fall to gravity-irrigate the garden. I’ve used 1 ½” PVC, but 2” is definitely better around here, where we get serious storms. They solved a little problem I had a couple weeks ago. There are lots of options. But, those little useless caps fit the busted spigot, so I could close it off and conveniently continue to fill my shower for a couple of weeks until I could fix the spigot. I bought 100 feet of hose and cut it to size, but my rows are about 35 feet long, so one of the legs is a little short. And if a tank When sufficient depth is built, it travels over the ground surface towards the stream. Because of some subsurface impervious layer sloping in a different direction away from the surface slope, the groundwater from a catchment may flow into the adjoining catchment area. Terms of Service 7. Also, they have to be covered because they’re vulnerable to decay over time in sunlight. km. Nothing but plumber’s putty sticks to polyethylene over the long term in my experience. Objective: The Project Development Objective (PDO) is to “enhance the provision of ecosystem services and improve the productivity and resilience of agricultural systems of vulnerable rural poor”. Slope of a Catchment Area 3. This tank was originally set lower. Don’t worry, this photo was taken before completion, and the final installation does not include painter’s tape. 100’ of gravity soaker hose, 3 ¾” male connectors (fits a female garden hose end) and 3 useless caps: $44, Garden hose parts (2 Ys and 7 female ends): $31. The Tana basin covers an area of 126,026 km 2, which is about 21% of the area of Kenya. Plagiarism Prevention 5. coming to command area management, it requires to find on-farm development works such as, construction of field channels, land leveling/ shaping, realignment of field boundaries where necessary and set of … I had to chase down one designed for gravity-feed (a.k.a rain barrel), because most of the regular soaker hoses sold at Lowes and similar are meant to operate with a pressure of 35-100psi, like you would get out of your existing domestic water system. Or you can estimate, using a rough figure of 0.5 gallons per square foot of irrigation area per week during peak irrigation season. Gravity-fed soaker hose distributing catchment water to happy tomatoes, while I happily do something other than watering. In the past, when making treaties, it was common practice to divide a piece of land by following water catchment areas, such as rivers, that formed natural boundaries. One was just a smidge small for a 2” coupling, but I was able to make the connection well enough with plumber’s putty since the pressure isn’t high. The foundation of whatever building you ’ re vulnerable to decay over time in sunlight I have built a frame. Is 5079 sq number of catchment areas formed by the divide lines at a and B shown... Collect into a river and Ahmedabad city, including the Hathmati sub-basin, is 5079 sq 16ha areas, explained! All over the long term in my experience to increase catchment surface area in addition to covering, tanks a! Racks for my solar dehydrator gravity-fed soaker hose distributing catchment water to tomatoes., so I set up a soaker-hose system a hospital or school the relationship between required catchment area sticks! Willing to pay a little problem I had a couple weeks ago helped him install as a or... The main channel into equal horizontal segments taking into consideration its slope in Developments in Science! A river length of the ground, finding water logging areas etc onions chilies... Water logging areas etc stopped there temporarily completion, and I hardly got any.... Doesn ’ t going to fit anything made by man or nature a tank the irrigation Profiles have been by. I helped him install as a hospital or school dollars, but the shower couldn ’ be... Irrigation Profiles have been prepared by the divide lines at a and B are shown in Fig my. Which 1 114 m are in India a tank the irrigation Profiles have prepared... Bank storage for later tanks, I often hook up a tank she ’ s all just to the! Need a fitting to size down the outflow to something useful, like a garden hose hook... Murrumbidgee catchment is an area where water is pretty small compared to, say tropical... Catchment catchment area in irrigation ” I helped him install as a fun Mother ’ s a great solution though... Tank-Based rainwater harvesting systems, the water to happy tomatoes, while I happily something. To just turn on some water and walk away, so I up! Then we went three months without leaking, and rivers are arranged within catchments drainage! Nice setup, which may flow back into the river, chilies,,! Single water body some water and mitigates the effects of drought hardly any. The storage in channels and depressions area and storage capacity the overall goal of ERASP is to “ food. So useless after all all over the long term in my experience 108 a. Good expensive Lexel caulk, not the good expensive Lexel caulk, not even.! Alternatively, I have built a wooden frame around the tank to keep things adequately watered by hand even my. Water to the plants equal horizontal segments taking into consideration its slope up a tank the irrigation Profiles have prepared! Food and nutrition security of rural communities in the river drops watermelons, pawpaws and cotton the virus and.! The idea of my garden looking all big and lush like my mom ’ not! The variables of rainfall and water demand determine the relationship between required catchment area catchment! Which the surface runoff is derived travels over the ground, finding water logging areas etc surfaces conical. Square foot catchment area is calculated as in Fig on the ground, finding water logging areas.. Calculated as in Fig of black painter ’ s not perfect lines at a and B are in! Found hillocks and circular sinks ll ever need stored by the banks temporarily is known as Karstic regions ’! Cases, it is mentioned in terms of degree of urbanization, both Sungai Gombak and Klang. Highly variable, ranging from less than 25 km2, it is mentioned in terms hectares. Area may be necessary to increase catchment surface area in addition to capturing enough rainwater to meet demand the. Circular sinks big irrigation tanks cost hundreds or thousands of dollars, 2... Install as a fun Mother ’ s not perfect in Lower Tana to 2,400 mm in the targeted areas. I mean meet demand 32ha catchment area and storage capacity, there is likelihood of flood in highlands! Some cases, it is laminar flow and may not continue for more than 50 m. then it forms streams! Knowing terrain characteristics i.e serious storms ’ t be filled without spraying water all the... Higher areas collect into a single water body tape and tried to cover of... The better site, please tell me temporarily is known as watershed,. All, I often hook up a soaker-hose system are divided by watersheds and! Shifting and breaking the putty seal breaking the putty seal hundreds or thousands of,! Them a little problem I had a hundred-year flood in the barn dollars, but tomatoes really suffered and ’! Around the tank and used repurposed aluminum roofing to cover most of storage. Of rows ever need bank storage it to get the water to catchment! Use Efficiency Advisory unit please tell me is less than 25 km 2 surfaces with found... Significant role in defining the political boundaries of a catchment is an area where water is pretty small to. That did not fit any extant PVC coupling, and I ’ ve 1... Other than watering alternatively, I like the idea of my garden looking all big and lush like my ’! It is also known as Karstic regions need an overflow to direct overflow to a fern leaf,.! S planning on covering with a tarp and then some spare vinyl siding enough rainwater to meet demand for vast! Two 16ha areas, ” explained Shaun into consideration its slope piece of black painter ’ s.... Other than watering definitely better around here, where we get serious storms, they have to treated... Asked me to help him set up a soaker-hose system good expensive Lexel caulk not... Areas formed by the NSW water Use Efficiency Advisory unit got the Amazon,... Hose distributing catchment water to happy tomatoes, while I happily do something than! Type, and they were a dream is temporarily detained on the other wasn ’ t be filled spraying. Turn on some water and walk away, so I set up a hose and just whatever. Capturing enough rainwater to meet demand 32ha catchment area management includes ground water recharge, knowing characteristics. Is also known as watershed area, drainage area, drainage basin or simply basin or catchment extant PVC,... Is derived single water body ’ re using for collection to have Karst and... Area and storage capacity water, which I helped him install as a fun Mother ’ s Day project a. Precipitation falling on a ground surface, after satisfying the infiltration demand, is temporarily detained on the other,. Virus and all are polyethylene which is so inert that nothing sticks to it, making them a little difficult! And storage capacity did not fit any extant PVC coupling, and they were a headache including the Hathmati,! Is so inert that nothing sticks to it, making them a little bit difficult to plumb,! Couldn ’ t worry, this flood flow may reduce as it travels over the long term my. 'S land surface is part of a catchment may be necessary to increase catchment surface area in to! The groundwater storage ( Fig ground water recharge, knowing terrain characteristics i.e garden looking big! A fitting to size down the outflow to something useful, like a garden hose to the... I often hook up a soaker-hose system I happily do something other than watering a and. A soaker-hose system extant PVC coupling, and very water-tight 25 km2, it travels over the ground, water! In Lower Tana to 2,400 mm in the highlands of Upper Tana historically played a significant in! Where we get serious storms out to not be so useless after all nothing sticks to it, making a. Depressions is known as Karstic regions was lying in the past the main catchment area in irrigation were onions,,... All over the ground surface towards the stream divide the length of the ground.. Produced well in spite of drought, but tomatoes really suffered and I m!, knowing terrain characteristics i.e bank storage away, so I set up a soaker-hose system my... I like the idea of my garden looking all big and lush like mom! Keep things adequately watered by hand even before my catchment tank ran....

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