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(Concessions were made after it, however, and its longer-term consequence, the Persian Wars proper, resulted in the establishment of a strong Athenian influence … The Battles of the Persian War: Effects of the Persian War. During the war, approximately 11 million barrels of oil was released into the Arabian gulf. I will then have the students compare diseases and unhealthy consequences of World War I, an early 20th century war, and the Persian Gulf War, a later 20th century war. Although the Persian power vastly surpassed the Greeks, the Greeks unexpectedly triumphed. The Athenians went on to produce their amazing civilization. The defeat of the Persians also inspired later Greeks, most notably Alexander the Great, who conquered the Persian Empire about 150 years later. We hope you enjoy this website. The Spartans mostly retreated behind their borders when the direct danger was over, in 478 BC. Most of what we know about the Greco-Persian Wars comes from book(s) written by Herodotus, which details the various aspects of the war, the outcomes, and the cultural, political, and military consequences. When we talk of the Persian Gulf War, Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait, followed by the United States’ elimination of the Iraqi presence in Kuwait ― both are included in it. Discussed, primarily, will be symptoms reports by Persian Gulf War veterans and the possible reasons for these afflictions. Sparta, Athens. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Detail the course of Athenian foreign policy from... Why did "Oedipus Rex" start with a question? The Persian Gulf War was fought from 1990 until 1991. Aftermath of the Persian Wars As a result of the allied Greek success, a large contingent of the Persian fleet was destroyed and all Persian garrisons were expelled from Europe, marking an end of Persia’s advance westward into the continent. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The scenario was no different in the year 1990. They had grown from just another city-state into an Empire. The Persians Empire gave up trying to impose peace on the Greek city-states and left them to return to their usual warfare amongst each other. The soldiers who participated in the Gulf War displayed some unique characteristics, which are commonly referred to as “Gulf War illness” or “Gulf War Syndrome”. Causes and Effects of the Persian Wars Causes The Ionians Revolted In 499 BC, With the encouragement and help of Athens. The major economic impact of the Gulf War was perhaps on cleaning up the oil slicks, which cost a whopping $700 million to clean up. The Persian War showed the superiority of the hoplite phalanx over the Persian type of fighting. The Persians condemned the Greeks as invaidng terroists, and wanted to conquer Greece more than ever. During the year 1990, when Iraq invaded Kuwait, the official reason that was given was that Kuwait was overproducing oil purposely so that Iraq would be unable to hold its ground economically. Title Page 23 Cause & Effect Cause--Effect--Together, we will chart a story on this page, looking at causes and effects. Cause & Effect in the Ionian Revolt Now, we will chart one of the main events that leads to the Persian Wars, again looking at cause and effect. It is estimated that as many as 80 ships carrying oil and weapons were sunk into the Arabian gulf. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. There were two mainland invasions of Greece, in 490 (under King Darius) and 480–479 BCE (under King Xerxes). In response to this fear, the Delian League was created so that if war were to come again, Greece would have the funds, resources, and soldiers to be prepared for any attack. To fight against the Persian invasion, the... See full answer below. The Athens were destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenians built the beautiful buildings that are important cultural aspects today. This war is complex to understand because of the sequence of events that were included in the war. The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world at the time of the Persian Wars. Between the years 500-479 BC, the Greeks and the Persians fought two wars. A barrier grew between the Near East and Greece, as a result of the Persian Wars. Chronic fatigue, moodiness, depression, sleeping problems, nausea, short-term memory loss, joint pains, etc., were some of the symptoms of the “Gulf War illness”, which according to research, was observed in approximately 2,63,000 soldiers. Although the Persian empire was at the peak of its strength, the collective defense mounted by the Greeks overcame seemingly impossible odds and even succeeded in liberating Greek city-states on the fringe of Persia itself. The foremost being that Iraq was under huge economic debt due to the long Iran-Iraq War, which lasted from 1980 to 1988. The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC. Moreover, the Iraqis while retreating from Kuwait, set fire to approximately 600 oil wells. Another incident during the war highlighted the question of large-scale Iraqi combat deaths. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Winning gave Athens confidence even though the war caused Athens to be left in ruins. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Services, The Greco-Persian Wars: Causes, Effects & Events, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. So, in order to prevent such a situation from arising, the United States finally attacked Iraqi forces and eliminated their presence from Kuwait in just a couple of days, by launching Operation Desert Storm. Who were the Persians? The Best History Museums to Virtually Tour During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Virtual Reality Experiences That Let You See History Up Close, The Most Accurate Movies Based on History Worth Seeing, History of Accounting: From the Ancients to the Modern Day, Diamond History: How a Luxury Became a Common Fashion Accessory, Comanche History: The Tradition of Fighting, History of Tea: From Mythology to National Pastime. They were directing more money to war than to all other public activities combined. The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control. The Persian War . Strengthen democracy, strengthen empire, glorify Athens. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Due to the accumulation of solid wastes, groundwater contamination took place on a large scale. It was also called ‘Operation Desert Shield’ from August 2, 1990 – January 17, 1991, and ‘Operation Desert Storm’ from January 17, 1991 ― February 28, 1991, which was the combat phase. The Gulf War, also called the Persian Gulf War, began on August 2, 1990 when Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion of Kuwait, and ended on February 28, 1991. The underlying cause of the war was the rapid rise of the Athenians. Persia, under the rule of Darius (r. 522-486 BCE), was already expanding into mainland Europe and had subjugated Ionia, Thrace, and Macedonia by the beginning of the 5th century BCE. As it can be seen, the Gulf War adversely affected people, environment, and economies of all the nations involved. The Greek triumph ensured the survival of Greek culture and political structures long after the demise of the Persian empire. 10 Years Later Background Timeline The Persians returned Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The causes of the Ionian revolt are especially hard to determine because the revolt was a short-term failure. The Athenian Acropolis was destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenian response was to build the beautiful … Just before Darius's death the Ionian cities revolted, causing the beginning of the Persian Wars. To fight against the Persian invasion, the Greeks built an alliance called the Delian League, which gave a great deal of power to Athens. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. The Persian War. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Peloponnesian War. This is where the second reason behind the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait arose. The wars also led to the unity between the Greeks. Migratory birds were killed and many marine turtles lost their lives or developed lesions. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! From 490 to 479 BCE, the Persian Empire and the Greeks faced off in two wars that decided the history of Greece and had a massive impact on the development of Western civilization. Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq were the main producers and exporters of oil to the world. The Ionian Greeks sought and received military help from mainland Greece, but once the more distant Greeks came to the attention of the African and Asian empire-building Persians, the Persians sought to annex them, too. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. The Persian War had serious consequences for both Greece and the area that today is the Middle East. What is the relationship of God and man in Oedipus... Who was Aeschylus in the Greek mythology? What were the consequences of the Persian Wars? Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. This Historyplex article puts forth some information about the outcome and effects of the Persian Gulf War. The war had a huge impact on the common people too. The short-term effects were: -Persia gains a foothold in Europe, consisting of Thrace (called Skudra) and Macedonia. The war had a huge impact on the common people too. What were Pericles' three goals for Athens. With many more men and a despotic government going for the Persian side, it looked like a one-sided fight. Thousands of people were killed, thousands were injured, and many were taken as war prisoners. Chronic fatigue, moodiness, depression, sleeping problems, nausea, short-term memory loss, joint pains, etc., were some of the symptoms of the “Gulf War illness”, which according to research, was observed in approximately 2,63,000 soldiers. As for the economic effects, Iraq was the major sufferer. The Persian Gulf War began when Iraq invaded Kuwait on August 2, 1990. The Persian Gulf War ... the gulf episode showed that unintended consequences are always a big part of war-making, and that immediate victory … In early fifth century BC Greece, the Greeks consistently suffered from the threat of being conquered by the Persian Empire. These cookies do not store any personal information. It was also believed that Iraq had developed chemical weapons, and thus, could be a threat to the entire world. However, conflict started between the Greek poleis in Ionia and the Persian Empire before 499 BCE. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. This war, just like any other war, had huge repercussions on the environment, economies of the countries involved as well as on the people, both commoners as well as war veterans. Copyright © Historyplex &, Inc. Similarly, both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia suffered some infrastructural losses, running into billions of dollars. Looking for … We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. There were two main reasons why Iraq invaded Kuwait. It took until the middle of the following century to break the barrier. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control. Finally, Greeks decided to write down their accounts of the war, creating the first true history in the world. It had transformed itself during and after the Persian Wars and became a major trading and maritime power. One consequence of the Greco-Persian war was that from a historical stand point the world had new views divided into East and West. Loss of the Persian War stopped Persian expansion into the Greek world. This disturbed the entire ecosystem, destroying marine life to a large extent. The violent actions of Spartan leader Pausanias at the siege of Byzantium, for instance, alienated many of the Greek states from Spar… All rights reserved. Though Operation Desert Storm was initiated and led by the U.S., it wasn’t the sole participant. After the War: All Greek city-states were weakened by the war; Many casualties; Farms were destroyed; The war made it difficult for the Greeks to trust each other and made future unification nearly impossible; Sparta tried their hand at ruling all of Greece but more rebellions resulted in more wars. In the 420s, for example, annual public spending on war was 39 tons of silver per year. There was a fear that if Iraq invaded both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, the world’s oil supply would entirely be in Iraqi hands. The land where the war took place, became infertile, as the desert vegetation was trampled upon by heavy artillery. The Persian Wars were a series of wars fought between the Persians and the Greeks from 492 BC to 449 BC. The wars with the Persians affected ancient Greece greatly. Like every other war, the Persian Gulf War had the same repercussions like loss of life and wealth, common facilities, degradation of life and socio economic circumstances. Saudi Arabia, who had a vested interest in the war, provided the second largest army, followed by the UK and France. The chart will eventually go on page 24 in your notebook. Iraq felt that Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were overproducing oil and due to this, oil prices were not able to stabilize at a high price. Led to the golden age of Greek culture Men of poorer classes insisted on full citizenship. Even after so many years, the countries that were directly involved are still trying to recover from the losses caused by the Persian Gulf War. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. There was huge air pollution caused by the fire and smoke, produced by explosives and weapons. iran iraq war causes and consequences 2030 Words | 9 Pages. Despite their successes, however, the spoils of war caused greater inner conflict within the Hellenic world. The atmosphere was the worst affected. The collision between the fractious political world of the Greeks and the enormous empire of the Persians began when Cyrus the Great conquered the Greek-inhabited region of Ionia in 547 BC. The Gulf War caused a lot of physical and emotional distress to war veterans. As a result of the allied Greek success, a large contingent of the Persian fleet was destroyed and all Persian garrisons were expelled from Europe, marking an end of Persia’s advance westward into the continent. After initial Persian victories, the Persians were eventually defeated, both at sea and on land. As a result, Athenian culture grew strong and today, we know much more about Athens than any other ancient Greek city. In early 1991, the United States and many other countries felt that Saudi Arabia would be Iraq’s next target. Athens flourished, the Delian league formed. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age, The Peloponnesian War: History, Cause & Result, Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes, King Xerxes: Facts, Accomplishments & Death, How Geography & Climate Shaped Early Greek Life, Pericles of Athens: Facts, Achievements & Death, Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla, The Struggle of the Orders: Plebeians and Patricians, Praxis World & U.S. History - Content Knowledge (5941): Practice & Study Guide, CLEP Western Civilization I: Study Guide & Test Prep, CLEP Western Civilization II: Study Guide & Test Prep, ACCESS World History: Online Textbook Help, Praxis Elementary Education - Multiple Subjects (5001): Practice & Study Guide, History 100: Western Civilization from Prehistory to Post-WWII, Biological and Biomedical The Persian War was fought between the Persian Empire and Greece. It owed a lot of money to various countries, including Kuwait. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. After a couple decennia, the Thracians took back control and the Macedonians became independent. About 2500 years ago, the Persian Empire fought ancient Greece in a series of conflicts remembered as the Persian War. Its aftermath can still be felt in various countries. This chapter examines some of the key ways in which the memory of Darius' and Xerxes' campaigns influenced subsequent events (and the ways in which those events were portrayed) until the final overthrow of the Persian empire by Alexander in 330 bc. Just why Greece was coveted by Persia is unclear. However, due to the rising oil prices and growth of the oil industry post the Persian Gulf War, Kuwait was able to make up for many of its economic losses. Women were raped in the midst of the war and had to bear many atrocities. 4. It not only suffered losses in military equipment, but also its infrastructure as well, which may take years and billions of dollars to rebuild. Iraq attacked Kuwait and United States removed the Iraqis from Kuwait. Who is the protagonist in The Hunger Games? The Persian War had serious consequences for both Greece and the area that today is the Middle East. Most found it easier to give money, so Athens was able to maintain a superior fleet and continue to extort the money even after peace was made with Persia. The name Iran derives from the word “Asyran,” and during the first half of the first millennium, the Iranian-speaking people moved gradually into the area of the Zagros Mountains, the largest groups known as the Medes and Persians. To pay off the debt, it depended largely on the revenues gained from the export of crude oil. Athens opportunistically converted the anti-Persian … However, this made other cities jealous, leading to future wars with Sparta. The Athenians praised the gods, mainly Zeus and Athena, for the winnings in the war. What were the effects of the Persian War? For the Greeks, it established both Athens and Sparta as Greek powers, weilind unprecedented military might. The Persian Wars Eric D. Blanco Persia, known as Iran, was the largest empire the world had ever seen by the 5th century B.C.E. Many other Greek cities began to form democracies. They controlled land that stretched from Egypt all the way to India. In Greek art, there are many scenes of Greeks fighting Persians. © copyright 2003-2021 Given below are the causes and effects of the Persian Gulf War. What were the two most powerful city-states in early Greece? Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. What were the effects of the Persian Wars on Athens’ economy During the final phase of the war, Athens led the Delian league to which other cities contributed either ships of money. What was the Golden Age of Ancient Greece? The pollution caused due to this barbarous act has left a huge impact on the environment and weather of the entire planet. Next in king Darius’ sights were Athens and the rest of Greece. As everyone knows that the entire world depends on the Middle East for its oil needs. Clearly, the unprecedented supply of income from the arkhe was a second major reason … The wars with the Persians had a great effect on ancient Greeks. 5.

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