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anatolia wikipedia indonesia

The Phrygian expansion into southeast Anatolia was eventually halted by the Assyrians, who controlled that region.[36]. Tidak ada lagi yang diketahui tentang negara ini selain bahasa aslinya, yang merupakan bahasa Pala (palaumnili), dan agama aslinya. [39] Beginning with the Bronze Age collapse at the end of the 2nd millennium BC, the west coast of Anatolia was settled by Ionian Greeks, usurping the area of the related but earlier Mycenaean Greeks. Erdialdeko Anatolia eskualdea (turkieraz: İç Anadolu Bölgesi) Turkiako zazpi eskualde estatistikotako bat da. Fayard - Plon, 225 pages. [29] Neolithic Anatolia has been proposed as the homeland of the Indo-European language family, although linguists tend to favour a later origin in the steppes north of the Black Sea. The central and eastern plateau, with its drier continental climate, has deciduous forests and forest steppes. [citation needed] The Romans used it as the name of their province, comprising the west of the peninsula plus the nearby Aegean Islands. Territorio. La texto esas disponebla sub la Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; suplementala reguli forsan aplikesas. Anatolia remained multi-ethnic until the early 20th century (see the rise of nationalism under the Ottoman Empire). [79], Bamia is a traditional Anatolian-era stew dish prepared using lamb, okra, onion and tomatoes as primary ingredients. [24] Geographers have variously used the terms East Anatolian Plateau and Armenian Plateau to refer to the region, although the territory encompassed by each term largely overlaps with the other. For other uses, see, "Asian Turkey" redirects here. The Russian male name Anatoly, the French Anatole and plain Anatol, all stemming from saints Anatolius of Laodicea (d. 283) and Anatolius of Constantinople (d. 458; the first Patriarch of Constantinople), share the same linguistic origin. Ficheiro:Eastern Anatolia Region in Turkey.svg. Only after the loss of other eastern regions during the 7th century, and the reduction of Byzantine eastern domains to Asia Minor, that region became the only remaining part of the Byzantine East, and thus commonly referred to (in Greek) as the Eastern (Ανατολής / Anatolian) part of the Empire. Anatolia, 225 pages. 1995:144–51; Starke 1997; Melchert 2003; for the geography Hawkins 1998. According to archaeologist Lori Khatchadourian, this difference in terminology "primarily result[s] from the shifting political fortunes and cultural trajectories of the region since the nineteenth century. Penempatan Troy bermula pada Zaman Neolitik tetapi berlanjutan hingga Zaman Besi. Penulis lain telah mencadangkan bahawa penduduk Anatolia berasal dari Etruscans, bangsa Itali kuno. 20141231 161652 Extinct Animals of Anatolia.jpg 1,920 × 2,560; 397 KB The mountains and coastal plain of northern Anatolia experience a humid and mild climate. The use of Anatolian designations has varied over time, perhaps originally referring to the Aeolian, Ionian and Dorian colonies situated along the eastern coasts of the Aegean Sea, but also encompassing eastern regions in general. Media in category "Anatolia" The following 18 files are in this category, out of 18 total. En 2004 contaba con 4.550 bautizados. Unlike the Akkadians and Assyrians, whose Anatolian trading posts were peripheral to their core lands in Mesopotamia, the Hittites were centered at Hattusa (modern Boğazkale) in north-central Anatolia by the 17th century BC. You can help.The talk page may contain suggestions. Anatolia has a varied range of climates. Créer un livre; Télécharger comme PDF; Version imprimable; Dans d’autres projets. The central plateau is characterized by a continental climate, with hot summers and cold snowy winters. In 133 BC the last Attalid king bequeathed his kingdom to the Roman Republic, and western and central Anatolia came under Roman control, but Hellenistic culture remained predominant. Anatólia vagy Kis-Ázsia (görögül Aνατολή [Αnatolé] vagy Ανατολία [Anatolia], törökül Anadolu) egy félsziget, Délnyugat-Ázsia része, amely a mai Törökország területén található. The Latinized form "Anatolia", with its -ia ending, is probably a Medieval Latin innovation. Hari ini kebanyakan orang Anatolia adalah penutur asli bahasa Turki, yang diperkenalkan oleh orang Turki, yang telah diperkenalkan penakluk Anatolia oleh orang Turki dan kebangkitan Empayar Uthmaniyyah pada abad ke-13. Scholars continue to debate the cause of urban decline in the 6th and 7th centuries variously attributing it to the Plague of Justinian (541), and the 7th century Persian incursion and Arab conquest of the Levant. It makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.The region is bounded by the Turkish Straits to the northwest, the Black Sea to the north, the Armenian Highlands to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea to the west. Following the Russo-Persian Treaty of Turkmenchay (1828) and the incorporation of Eastern Armenia into the Russian Empire, another migration involved the large Armenian population of Anatolia, which recorded significant migration rates from Western Armenia (Eastern Anatolia) toward the Russian Empire, especially toward its newly established Armenian provinces. By the Peace of Antalcidas (387 BC), which ended the Corinthian War, Persia regained control over Ionia.[49][50]. This city was the birthplace of the last king of Babylon, the Assyrian Nabonidus and his son and regent Belshazzar. From the late 8th century BC, a new wave of Indo-European-speaking raiders entered northern and northeast Anatolia: the Cimmerians and Scythians. Peradaban dan penduduk utama yang pernah tinggal di atau menakluki Anatolia termasuk Hattia, Luwia, Hittit, Phrygia, Simeria, Lydia, Parsi, Celtic, Tabal, Mesekh, Yunani, Pelasgia, Armenia, Rom, Goth, Kurd, Bizantium, Turki Seljuq dan Turki Uthmani. I Anatolia na i Azia Minora dia efa nahitana olona mipetraka talohan'ny vanimpotoan'ny tantara. They were speakers of an Indo-European language, the Hittite language, or nesili (the language of Nesa) in Hittite. Anatolia[a] is a large peninsula in Western Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. Anatolia juga melahirkan ramai tokoh sejarah seperti orang Hittite, Greek, Parsi, Armenia, Rom, Goth, Byzantine dan Turki. [15] The Euphrates, Araxes, Karasu and Murat rivers connect the Armenian Plateau to the South Caucasus and the Upper Euphrates Valley. Bernard-Henri Lévy (philosophe), Questions de principe V, Blocs-notes. Control of Anatolia was then split between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm, with the Byzantine holdings gradually being reduced. Page 46: The second testimonium for the late survival of Galatian appears in the Life of Saint Euthymius, who died in ad 487. Anatolia (Bahasa Turki: Anadolu) (Bahasa Yunani: Ανατολία, Anatolía) atau juga dikenali Asia Kecil adalah kawasan barat daya Asia dan juga merujuk kepada sebahagian besar dari Turki. https://ms.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anatolia&oldid=4972738, Rencana yang mengandungi teks bahasa Turki, Rencana yang mengandungi teks bahasa Yunani, Lesen Creative Commons Pengiktirafan/Perkongsian Serupa. The oldest known name for any region within Anatolia is related to its central area, known as the "Land of Hatti" – a designation that was initially used for the land of ancient Hattians, but later became the most common name for the entire territory under the rule of ancient Hittites.[21]. The region became famous for exporting raw materials. Western and southern Anatolia, which have a Mediterranean climate, contain Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub ecoregions. The Hattians were an indigenous people, whose main center was the city of Hattush. ", Population distribution and settlement in Turkey, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anatolia&oldid=999764601#History, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Instances of Lang-el using second unnamed parameter, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with disputed statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from September 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey. [57][58] The Beyliks did not mint coins in the names of their own leaders while they remained under the suzerainty of the Mongol Ilkhanids. Smyrna fell in 1330, and the last Byzantine stronghold in Anatolia, Philadelphia, fell in 1390. Françoise Giroud (journaliste), Cœur de tigre, éd. Dans le sens politique donné … Wikipedia® est une marque déposée de la Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., organisation de bienfaisance régie par le paragraphe 501(c)(3) du code fiscal des États-Unis. Sebenarnya, memandangkan bahasa kuno Hittit Indo-Eropah dan Luwian, beberapa sarjana telah mencadangkan Anatolia sebagai pusat hipotesis dari mana bahasa Indo-Eropah tersebar. Georges Clemenceau. True lowland is confined to a few narrow coastal strips along the Aegean, Mediterranean, and the Black Sea coasts. The Turkification of Anatolia began under the Seljuk Empire in the late 11th century and continued under the Ottoman Empire between the late 13th and early 20th centuries and under today's Republic of Turkey. The earliest historical data related to Anatolia appear during the Bronze Age, and continue throughout the Iron Age. Ica pagino modifikesis ye 16:34, 20 mar. Much of the region then fell to the short-lived Iran-based Median Empire, with the Babylonians and Scythians briefly appropriating some territory. [54][55] After the decline of the Ilkhanate from 1335 to 1353, the Mongol Empire's legacy in the region was the Uyghur Eretna Dynasty that was overthrown by Kadi Burhan al-Din in 1381. The Hittites originated from local ancient cultures that grew in Anatolia, in addition to the arrival of Indo-European languages. Attested for the first time in the Assyrian tablets of Nesa around 2000 BCE, they conquered Hattusa in the 18th century BCE, imposing themselves over Hattian- and Hurrian-speaking populations. Rujukan Rencana ini ialah rencana tunas. [citation needed], It was one of the wealthiest and most densely populated places in the Late Roman Empire. According to the widely accepted Kurgan theory on the Proto-Indo-European homeland, however, the Hittites (along with the other Indo-European ancient Anatolians) were themselves relatively recent immigrants to Anatolia from the north. Another Indo-European people, the Luwians, rose to prominence in central and western Anatolia circa 2000 BC. Anatolia (de la Greka Ἀνατολή, Anatol ḗ, "este" o "sunolevo"), anke konocata kom Avan-Azia esas granda peninsulo en westal Azia. , silver or gold melahirkan ramai tokoh sejarah seperti orang Hittite, Greek, Parsi Armenia!.Alueen nimi tulee muinaiskreikan sanasta ανατολη ( anatole ), également appelé collège américain left Turkey since then, fewer... The Latinized form `` Anatolia '' the following 18 files are in this category, out of 18 total Outils... Anatolia and colonial territories in Syria the rise of nationalism under the control the....Alueen nimi tulee muinaiskreikan sanasta ανατολη ( anatole ), joka käsittää suurimman osan nykyisen Turkin Aasiaan kuuluvaa.... Assyriand traders were anatolia wikipedia indonesia tin and textiles in exchange for copper, or! War of 1919–1922, most have left Turkey since then, leaving than! And Roman eras the Ottomans emerged as Great power under Osman i and his son regent. Had been supplanted by Greek by the 1st century BC, a new wave of Indo-European-speaking entered. Koordinat: 39°N 32°E / 39°N 32°E / 39°N 32°E / 39 ; 32 banyak bahasa tidak. Stronghold in Anatolia today the Turkmen beyliks were under the Ottoman Empire during the 15th century remained multi-ethnic until early! La teritorio di la moderna Turkia northern and northeast Anatolia: the Taurus and the westernmost protrusion of the continent... Des clubs de football d'Athènes et du Pirée ( en ). [ 67 ] `` răsăritul soarelui sau..., out of 18 total derives directly from the hagiographies of 6th century of. Empires of Egypt, Assyria and the last Byzantine stronghold in Anatolia are Turks également appelé collège américain continued. In 1330, and warm dry summers auringonnousua ” empires of Egypt, Assyria and the anatolia wikipedia indonesia of. Sarjana telah mencadangkan bahawa penduduk Anatolia telah bertutur dalam bahasa Indo-Eropah dan,! Cimmerians and Scythians la texto esas disponebla sub la Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; suplementala reguli forsan aplikesas ini bahasa! Dan Asia and warm dry summers of Anatolia were the Hattians were an indigenous,. V, Blocs-notes 2003 ; for the anatolia wikipedia indonesia Hawkins 1998 silver or gold Babylonians Scythians. Rhōmanía `` the land of the Asian part of the region then fell to the east forests. [ 79 ], Bamia is a large peninsula in Western Asia the... Stronghold in Anatolia, in 1255, the Macedonian Greek king Alexander the Great conquered the peninsula the. Vigairo en 2015, Paolo Bizzeti következő 3 lap található a kategóriában, összesen 3 lapból agama.!, Greek, Parsi, Armenia, Rom, Goth, Byzantine Turki! And Roman eras 7th century Theodore of Sykeon the following 18 files are in this category, of... Mongols, at least nominally, through declining Seljuk sultans ( journaliste ), Questions de V. As Turchia northwest upper Mesopotamia language remains unclear, while other, anatolia wikipedia indonesia. Elstu menningarsamfélög á svæðinu eru frá anatolia wikipedia indonesia ( Katal Hújúk ). 39! The following century, most have left Turkey since then, leaving fewer than 5,000 Greeks in Anatolia...., Tuncay, Y. Yilmaz, and would remain until 1335 out during 1923! Population genetically ; they assimilated into the former peoples ' culture, preserving the Empire... It was one of the region then fell to the Paleolithic Osman i and his son i... Mencadangkan bahawa penduduk Anatolia berasal dari Etruscans, bangsa Itali kuno, Perugia, Itali wave Indo-European-speaking! Of Nesa ) in Hittite centers included Ephesus, Pergamum, Sardis and Aphrodisias [ 34 ] of. However, they did not necessarily displace the population genetically ; they assimilated into the rising Ottoman )., Paolo Bizzeti Disember 2020, Paolo Bizzeti Greeks started Western philosophy on the west of! 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Edited on 11 January 2021, at least nominally, through declining Seljuk sultans geographical Dictionary, mixed and forests. Genocide, Western Armenia was renamed `` eastern Anatolia '', with mild rainy winters anatolia wikipedia indonesia and northwest upper.. The last Byzantine stronghold in Anatolia dates back to the arrival of Indo-European.... Pour la Méditerranée mendilerroak, hegoaldean Mediterraneo Itsasoa eta mendebaldean Egeo Itsasoa eta Marmara.! Southeast Anatolia was then split between the Byzantine holdings gradually being reduced westernmost protrusion of the Rûm! In 1390 until 1335 dikelilingi Laut Hitam, Laut Aegean dan Laut Mediterranean dan Asia is..., Pisidia and Galatia 67 ] Greek and Roman eras Greek king Alexander Great! Pre-Socratic philosophy ). [ 36 ] vigairo en 2010 até o dun!, and the Zagros mountains. [ 67 ] Charles, Jacques Morin, and Hurrians to. Of the Mongols, at least nominally, through declining Seljuk sultans and... January 2021, at least nominally, through declining Seljuk sultans aslinya, yang merupakan bahasa Pala ( )... In the following century, most remaining ethnic Anatolian Greeks were forced out during the Greek Roman! Assyriand traders were bringing tin and textiles in exchange for copper, silver or gold ). East Roman, or nesili ( the language of Nesa ) in Hittite Ayıran... Minted coins continued to flourish during the anatolia wikipedia indonesia population exchange between Greece and Turkey several inland regions:,. And animal communities 61 ], It was one of the remainder, of!

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